Philanthropy etymologically means "love of humanity" in the sense of caring, nourishing, developing and enhancing "what it is
to be human" on both the benefactors' (by identifying and exercising their values in giving and volunteering) and beneficiaries'
(by benefiting) parts. The most conventional modern definition is "private initiatives, for public good, focusing on quality of life".
This combines the social cientific aspect developed in the 20th century with the original humanistic tradition, and serves to
contrast philanthropy with business (private initiatives for private good, focusing on material prosperity) and helping people.
Relief of the poor
Relief of the poor, the distressed, or the underprivileged poverty is general scarcity or dearth, or the state of one who
lacks a certain amount of material possessions or money or destitution refers to the deprivation of basic human needs,
this commonly includes food, water, sanitation, clothing, shelter, health care and education. Relative poverty is defined
contextually as economic inequality in the location or society in which people live).
The advancement of education.
The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) is a multilateral treaty adopted by the United
Nations General Assembly on 16 December 1966, and in force from 3 January 1976. It commits its parties to work toward the
granting of economic, social, and cultural rights (ESCR) to the Non-Self-Governing and Trust Territories and individuals,
including labor rights and the right to health, the right to education, and the right to an adequate standard of living. As of 2013,
the Covenant had 160 parties.